The Conference Proceedings
Images of (Cultural) Values in Film
Ömer Alkın Making Cultural Values Visible in Early Turkish-German Cinema Abstract Using a transnational cinema studies perspective, the following article analyses the vi su al construction of cultural values in two different fields of Turkish- German cinema: ear ly Turkish emigration cinema (1970s) and early Turkish-German cinema (1970s–1990s). Der folgende Artikel analysiert die visuelle Konstruktion kultureller Werte in zwei un ter schiedlichen Bereichen des türkisch-deutschen Films: des frühen türkis- chen Emi gra ti onskinos der 1970er Jahre und des frühen türkisch-deutschen Kinos der 1970er bis 1990er Jahre. Die Analyse folgt dem Transnational Cinema Ansatz. 1 Turkish–German Cinema: The Need for an Anti- Eurocentric Perspective After being defeated in World War II Germany was in need of workers. The re fo re, Germany called for Turkish labour migrants in the context of a re cru it ment agreement. Most of these Gastarbeiter (guest workers) came from rural are as where their working possibilities were dissolving; among others, due to the industrial developments. A larger part of the Turkish Gastarbeiter did not re turn to Turkey, but instead brought their families to Germany. More than two mil lion people with a heterogonous Turkish migration background (Kurds, Ale vis) live in Germany now; and a fourth generation is growing up. A very broad definition of Turkish-German cin- ema refers to this sociohistorical foun ding of a Turkish-German diaspora: every film dealing with its issues or being ma de by a Turkish-German direc- tor is considered...
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