Platonic Idealistic Approach
Keywords: idea, intuition, methexis, anamnesis, doxa The Platonic idealistic theory represents a diff erent approach to knowledge. Plato realised that all things in the material world are subject to change and therefore it is diffi cult to say anything about them that would not also be subject to change. What kind of knowledge is it if a true statement about a thing can be said and it will not be valid in a few minutes? Is it any knowledge at all? Therefore, the subject of knowledge should be entities, the nature of which does not change over time – eternal and unchanging objects. When discussing the Platonic concept of knowledge, it needs to be said that the concept is evolving and Plato introduced it in several dialogues, particularly in a gno- seologically oriented dialogue, Theaetetus (145d7 – e7). In this dialogue (and in Republic, Meno as well), Plato tried to deﬁ ne knowledge as a justiﬁ ed opinion. However, in 40 his dialogues, he understood the sources of knowledge diff erently. This is why Plato’s understanding of knowl- edge is best characterized by four allegories: the allegory of the divided line, the allegory of the chariot, the alle- gory of the cave, and the allegory of the sun. In the allegory of the divided line (509d – 511e), Plato distinguishes between the visible and thinkable world. The subject of the visible is the material world and its representations which we conceive via our senses or through perceptions. The problem is that the result...
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