2. Philosophy as a Term
19 2. Philosophy as a Term Let us start with an analysis of the term philosophy. Hei- degger claims that if we do not use the term philosophy and instead listen attentively to the original sound, we will hear the Greek word ﬁ losoﬁ a. (see: Heidegger, M.: Co je to- ﬁ losoﬁ e?, p. 117) “The word ﬁ losoﬁ a tells us that philosophy is something that determines the existence of the Greeks. And not only this – ﬁ losoﬁ a determines also the innermost basic feature of the history of Western Europe.” (Heidegger, M.: Co je to- ﬁ losoﬁ e?, p. 117) The term philosophy originates in Greek and consists of the words ﬁ lein and sofos. The word ﬁ lein translates to sisterly love or friendship, whilst soﬁ a means skilful- ness, agility, knowledge, cognition, wisdom, and the art of living. Philosophy could be love of knowledge or even more precisely love of cognition since philosophy 20 does not represent anything complete or permanently ﬁ xed, but rather a process of asking questions and seek- ing answers. Jaspers analyses the term ﬁ losof as the opposite of the term sofos. Filosofos means ‘one who loves knowledge’ whereas sofos is one who has knowledge readily available (or believes that he does) and is called the cognizing one. (see: Jaspers, K.: Úvod do ﬁ lozoﬁ e, 1996, p. 12) In Jaspers’ opinion “this meaning of the word still endures: the essence of philosophy is not the possession of truth but the search for truth, regardless of how many philosophers may...
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