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The History of Medieval Philosophy

Selected Figures of Scholastic Tradition I


Ladislav Tkáčik

Calling an epoch Middle Age already involves some sort of judgment. But Middle Ages represent a historic period, in which the identity was established, which was denied by the renaissance, modern world and which however is now being discovered again in its sense and beauty. It is a period in which a co-existence between faith and intellect, between ecclesiastical and profane culture was possible. It was a varied living space in which philosophy, mystique and practice could exist side by side. It is a world which is lost today and which we can get a hold of again only by intellectual appropriation.


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4. Carolingian Renaissance


  The Carolingian Renaissance conditionally related to the development of the school system. It was the devel- oping school system that created its structural basis and made it possible. What did the transition from the ancient period and the school of antiquity to a  Caro- lingian school look like in short? Can we say that the antique school ceased to exist in Europe at the time of the conquest of the Western Roman Empire? First of all, we have to distinguish between northern parts of the Empire, where the school system was destroyed and dis- appeared, and the Mediterranean parts of the continent in which Goths and Vandals represented just a minority among other institutions, but preserved schools as well. In 533, Senator Cassiodorus wrote to the senate in the name of Ostrogoth king Athalaric: “And therefore, in order to show that sciences deserve reward, we decided 40 that it is godless to deprive the teachers of youth of anything … Therefore, we want every professor of sci- ences along with the grammarians, rhetors and teach- ers of law to receive the same salary as their predecessor without any decrease … Because when we pay actors for the entertainment of people then, for much more seri- ous reasons, we have to support those who take care of the morals and who cultivate command of words in our palace” (Cassiodorus: Variae, IX, 21). The same thing was implemented by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian who kept the same salaries of teachers after re-conquering Italy in...

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