1. Eastern Philosophy and its Meaning for Us
Keywords: Eastern philosophy, Greek philosophy, diff erence, comparison, harmonisation 1.1 Defi nition of Eastern Philosophy Nowadays as many people living in the rich countries of the world feel bored and are looking for a stronger experience, everything exotic, uncommon, or distant becomes popular. At best, a contact with exoticism can become a positive impulse for a new creative search. In this broader context you can see an interest in Eastern philosophy and culture in the western world. The widely spread concepts of Eastern philosophy have their roots in ancient Greece, where for the ﬁ rst time the basic philosophical questions concerning the origin of everything, existence, movement, meaningful life, justice, and death were systematically considered, discussed, and transmitted through pupils. Large and inﬂ uential systems of thought, which do not originate in 12 Greek antiquity can be considered as Eastern philosophy. Such a classiﬁ cation is surely very rough and only broad. On closer examination it turns out that Eastern philoso- phy understood this way does not comprise a coherent system and in addition, in spite of many diff erences, it has a lot in common with Western philosophy. Just like exploring the history of Western philoso- phy has brought us to its Greek origins, the history of Eastern thinking, particularly Asian cultures reveals the origin of the most important and inﬂ uential philosophi- cal streams and schools of this area in ancient India and ancient China. Although they have been later developed also in other countries; such as, Korea, Japan,...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.