5. Mimansa and Vedanta
Keywords: ritualism, language, monism, Maya, Shankara 5.1 Mimansa The word Mimansa means spiritual thinking, but also critical exploration. The main aim of this school is the interpretation of Vedas: how to understand them and how to live according to them. It represents a very strange stream – atheistic ritualism. Originally, this Darshana discussed questions of sacriﬁ ce, but under the inﬂ uence of Buddhism the deity was denied. This school later accepted the idea of God, but against its own learn- ing. Sutras of the Mimansa system are accredited to the monk Jaimini who lived in the 3rd century A.D. The later representatives were Prabhakara and Kumarila (around 7th century A.D.). For the ontology of Mimansa, it is typical to consider Vedas as the highest, eternal, and non-created reality. 50 According to Mimansa, the Vedas are present in the whole universe; its carrier is a ubiquitous sound. An objective reality really exists irrespective of our consciousness and it consists of an inﬁ nite amount of atoms. An inﬁ - nite amount of eternal souls and the accumulated force of Karma in the form of an invisible power of Apurva also exists. Mimansa developed the study of language. Words, their meaning and relations are non-created and eternal. They are also ubiquitous. When we pronounce them, they become temporarily audible. Words, especially the words of Vedas, do not have any author, because every author, even the divine one, may be mistaken. In the interpreta- tion of this Darshana Philology is actually a natural...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.