Periodization Theory and Peak Performance Exemplified Through Extended Techniques
II. Motivation for the Unconvinced
a. Using Extended Techniques to Diagnose and Reframe Technical Issues This section addresses some of the questionnaire respondents’ informal an- swers as to why they didn’t play new music. Several said that they were not ready and cited speciﬁc problems with embouchure. I subsequently wrote exercises for them using extended techniques to solve their technical prob- lems. Extended techniques can be used as strengthening exercises. They can re- frame practice for a student who has been fruitlessly trying something over and over again. There is no limit as to when they can begin. While many techniques take more energy, not all require the reﬁned embouchure control of traditional playing.10 In fact, non-ﬂutists could learn some of the tech- niques more quickly than they could learn to play a classical ﬂute tone. There is a tendency to assign all extended techniques to a category as more difﬁcult than traditional ones.11 However, what makes them “extended” is not necessarily their difﬁculty level, but that in a historical sense, they extend the tonal color palette. The following problems will be discussed and solutions with extended tech- niques will be offered: 1. Shyness Sometimes shy students have a reﬁned musical sense and are carefully work- ing at making the ﬂute sound very pretty. What they don’t yet realize is that breaking them out of their box will open their sound making it even more resonant. For students who are naturally shy, working with the diaphragm can open them...
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