Periodization Theory and Peak Performance Exemplified Through Extended Techniques
VIII. A Periodized Daily Studies Program
Many ﬂutists who specialize in modern music have commented that they do not use extended techniques in daily studies. They probably get enough of a work-out since they are playing repertoire using them very often. This is not true of most ﬂute students or professionals who do not play much new music. Learning the techniques only when they need to be performed causes unnec- essary stress on the body and mind. Assimilation in daily studies is a must. I have assigned the following techniques a value based on the physical en- ergy level they require. The values are as follows: Flutter tongue: 4 Polyrhythm: 2 Air sounds: 5 Harmonics: 5 Pizzicato: 7 Whistle tones: 1 Jet whistle: 10 Tongue ram: 6 These levels are based on a scale of 1 to 10, with traditional playing lying between 3 and 5. Eventually, some of the levels will even out as the tech- niques become better trained. Flutter tongue and harmonics will become second nature as the muscles learn to play more efﬁciently. Constants in this list are jet whistle, tongue ram, pizzicato and whistle tones. Jet whistle, be- ing an “anti-ﬂute” technique, is meant to free up the performer not only with fresh breathing, but also from other conﬁning thoughts. An option is to add in an improvisation after the jet whistle. The player can chose how much energy to spend during the improvisation. Figure 26: Jennifer Borkowski, Periodization Micro-Cycle Line Graph 0 2 4 6 8 10...
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