Memory transmission, political formation and modernization in Hungary and Europe
Concluding remarks: incubating radicalism in Europe
At the end of the line of thought it is worth looking back and drawing some con- clusions. In the introductory chapter the question was raised: what are the precon- ditions of the emergence of an antidemocratic political culture in a democratic institutional setting and how can the divergent constellations of European mo- dernity be evaluated from this perspective? In order to answer the first part of this question, the recent antidemocratic transformations of Hungary’s political culture were analysed. Firstly, the specific characteristics of Central European horizon of modernity framing the social epistemology and ontology of the region were identified. The conclusion of these analyses was that Central European countries experienced modernization since the beginning in a distorted way. They could not access its universal emancipatory potentials and misinterpreted its pathologies ac- cording to various ideologies. This has led to a chronic identity crisis in the post- transition era including alienation or the futile regression to already discredited semantics of interpreting social phenomena. In the second chapter the question was posed: how are the processes of institu- tional memory transmission affected by the distorted relation to modernization? The conclusion of these analyses was that the political dividedness colonizes the sphere of memory transmission resulting in the vacuum of mutually accepted in- terpretations of the 20th century traumas capable of grounding a democratic col- lective identity. As a consequence of the memory vacuum, on the one hand an apolitical, on the other hand a radical political culture emerges, except in those...
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