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The Rise and Fall of the Aramaeans in the Ancient Near East, from Their First Appearance until 732 BCE

New Studies on Aram and Israel

Gotthard G. G. Reinhold

In the early nineties, after Reinholds first publication »Die Beziehungen Altisraels zu den aramäischen Staaten in der israelitisch-judäischen Königszeit« an archaeological find came to light with the broken pieces of the early Aramaic written Têl Dan Stela, which has greatly illuminated the portrait of Aram and ancient history of Israel. The author offers a renewed overview to the Aramaean history on the foundation of the forced researches in the last 50 years. This begins with the early testifying of Aram in cuneiform sources of the 3rd/2nd Mill. B.C. from the Mesopotamian and Syrian area and ends with the decline of Aram-Damascus. The Volume incorporates a revised edition of the researches history and two excurses about the newest palaeographic results to the second line of the Bar-Hadad Stela of Aleppo in Syria on the base of precision photographs and computer-enhancements and presents a new transcription and translation of the Têl Dan Stela fragments. These are a certain basis to build on the royal line of sucession in Aram-Damascus and to illuminate their historical background in the Ancient Near East. Reinhold emphasizes, that the results of archaeology could always be adapted or replaced by recent discoveries; but he hopes that the «New Studies on Aram and Israel» will be served as a base for the future research of the Near Eastern Archaeology and History.

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Abbreviations AAAS Annales archéologiques Arabes Syriennes, Dam- askus AALR Atti della Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. Rendi- conti. Scienze Morali, Roma, Rome ÄAT Ägypten und Altes Testament, Wiesbaden ABG Arbeiten zur Bibel und ihrer Geschichte, Leipzig AbLA, ABLAK M.  Noth, Aufsätze zur biblischen Landes- und Altertums kunde, hrsg. H.W.  Wolff, I–II, Neukirchen- Vluyn 1971 Abr- n Abr- Nahrain. An annual under the auspices of the Department of Semitic Studies, University of Mel- bourne, Leiden Act Ant Hung Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungari- cae – A Magyar Tudományos Académia klasszika- filológiai közleményei, Budapest ADAJ Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, Amman, Jordan AfO Archiv für Orientforschung, Graz AION Annali dell‘ Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli, Napoli, Neapel AJSL American Journal of Semitic Languages and Litera- tures, Chicago, Ill. Anal Or, AnOr Analecta Orientalia, Rome ANES Near Eastern Studies, Louvain: Peeters ANET Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, ed. By J. B. Pritchard, Princeton, New Jersey 1950, 1955² Ann A Stor Ant Annali del Dipartimento di Studi del Mondo Clas- sico e del Mediteraneo Antico. Sezione di Archeo- logia e Storia Antica, Napoli 126 An St Anatolian Studies. Journal of the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, London AOAT Alter Orient und Altes Testament, Kevelaer AOF, AoF, AltorF Altorientalische Forschungen, Berlin APA Acta Praehistorica et Archaeologica, Berlin ARI A. K. Grayson, Records of the Ancient Near East. Assyrian Royal Inscriptions, I–II, Wiesbaden 1972, 1976 ARM Archives Royales de Mari,...

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