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The Conception of Man in the Works of John Amos Comenius

Series:

Jan Čížek

This book maps the entire development of Comenius’s considerations on man, from his earliest writings to his philosophical masterwork. Although this book primarily offers an analysis and description of the conception of man in Comenius’s work, it may also serve the reader as a more general introduction to his philosophical conception. The author shows that, in spite of the fact that Comenius has received no small amount of academic attention, funded studies or monographs in English language remain in single figures. Thus, a range of Comenius’s remarkable ideas are still unknown to the wider public.

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Foreword

Extract

I began my inquiries into the work of the Czech philosopher, theologian, writer and not least educational reformer Jan Amos Comenius during my undergradu- ate studies. First of all I attempted to place Comenius’s philosophical and theo- logical views within the context of the thought of the Unity of Czech Brethren church, which was founded in the second half of the 15th century on the basis of the teachings of the religious thinker Petr Chelčický, and in which Comenius was a bishop. In subsequent studies I focused primarily on Comenius’s relation- ship towards the philosophical work of the Renaissance philosopher Franciscus Patricius or the encyclopaedist from Herborn, Johann Heinrich Alsted. However, for a long time during that period I was also cultivating the idea of compiling a work devoted exclusively to Comenius, which would deal in a complex manner with his conception of man. This became the focus of my entire doctoral studies, which I underwent at the Department of Philosophy of Palacký University in Olomouc from 2010 to 2014. To a certain extent this book is based on my dissertation work, nevertheless it broadens and expands upon its content to a considerable degree. Unlike the dissertation, it maps the entire development of Comenius’s considerations on man, from his earliest writings to his philosophical masterwork. By contrast, the original version was focused precisely and solely on the later form of Comenius’s stances. Although this book is a priori aimed at an analysis and description of the con- ception of...

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