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The Conception of Man in the Works of John Amos Comenius

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Jan Čížek

This book maps the entire development of Comenius’s considerations on man, from his earliest writings to his philosophical masterwork. Although this book primarily offers an analysis and description of the conception of man in Comenius’s work, it may also serve the reader as a more general introduction to his philosophical conception. The author shows that, in spite of the fact that Comenius has received no small amount of academic attention, funded studies or monographs in English language remain in single figures. Thus, a range of Comenius’s remarkable ideas are still unknown to the wider public.

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5.The conception of man in selected works of the panorthotic period

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127 5. The conception of man in selected works of the panorthotic period 5.1 The transition between the pansophic and panorthotic periods As we mention in the second chapter, we agree with Jan Patočka’s view that the transition between Comenius’s pansophic and panorthotic periods coincides with the philosopher’s stay in London from 1641 to 1642. If we take a more in- depth look at the texts written prior to this stay, we find no explicit mentions of a great reformation (i.e., panorthosia) of the so-called human things. Comenius’s treatises from the close of the 1630s, or the first year of the following decade, are pansophic in character, not panorthotic. 5.1.1 Pansophiae praeludium This observation is borne out by Comenius’s treatise Pansophiae praeludium,568 published without the author’s knowledge in Oxford in 1637 under the title Conatuum Comenianorum praeludia569 and in a slightly revised version (this time approved by Comenius) at the beginning of 1639 under the title Panso- phiae prodromus.570 In the introduction, Comenius states his intention to write 568 The full title is Pansophiae praeludium, quo sapientiae universalis necessitas, pos- sibilitas facilitasque (si ratione certa ineatur) breviter ac [di]lucide demonstratur. 569 Conatuum Comenianorum praeludia ex bibliotheca S[amuelis] H[artlibii]. Oxford 1637. See Klosová, Markéta: O Předehře pansofie a jejím Objasnění [On the Prel- ude to Pansophy and Its Elucidation]. In: Comenius, John Amos: Předehra pansof- ie. Objasnění pansofických pokusů [Prelude to Pansophy. Elucidation of pansophic attempts]. Prague 2010,...

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