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Contemporary Approaches in Education and Communication

Edited By Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Içbay, Alejandro J. Gallard and S. Lizette Ramos

This book presents a collection of papers written by researchers, teachers, administrators, analysts and graduate students working and doing research in the field of social sciences. The scientific studies include a wide range of topics from the analysis of social science textbooks to the teacher image in newspapers, the relationship between self-efficacy and cognitive level and the role of organizational silence on the loneliness of academics in work life.


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Chapter III Communication


Ersoy Soydan Community Radio and Turkish Live Radio Stations in France Introduction France is known as the first country in which fundamental rights and freedoms have progressed and a strong democractic tradition has been established during the history of the world� If the basis of mass communication is regarded as plural- ism and democracy, the developments in France have had a big impact on this� France is one of the leading countries, in the field of broadcasting throughout Europe, in which private or independent radios have been founded by demol- ishing the government monopoly� The radio broadcasts started with the pirate broadcasts in the second half of the 1970s that created a de facto status and gained a legal status after being accepted by the French society� The social groups, wor- rying about not being represented enough in the government broadcasting or- ganisations, established the subject stations in order to make their voices heard� Although the French government had not accepted these illegal radio broadcasts at the outset, the new governments came to power had legislative efforts on this issue� By the way, frequencies were assigned to the non-governmental organisa- tions and social groups that wanted to broadcast and they were even supported financially� These subject developments, started with pirate broadcasts and ended up demolishing the government monopoly, which ensured the social groups could make their voices heard which had been impossible through radios before and also reawakened the radio by democratising them� This trend that started in the second...

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