Neue Wege für Sprachunterricht und Ausbildung
Ausspracheschulung für japanische Deutschlernende. Eine soziophonetische Untersuchung zur Festlegung eines Aussprache-Syllabus für Deutsch als Fremdsprache
Junko Nakagawa, Keiō-Universität Mutsumi Tachikawa, Sophia-Universität
Ausspracheschulung für japanische Deutschlernende Eine soziophonetische Untersuchung zur Festlegung eines Aussprache-Syllabus für Deutsch als Fremdsprache
The purpose of this article is to propose a teaching syllabus for pronunciation that is suitable for Japanese learners of German. After discussing the present state of classroom teaching of German pronunciation at Japanese universities, the article presents the project of developing teaching materials for German pronunciation for Japanese learners. The teaching material attaches the greatest importance to learners’ autonomy in learning pronunciation. It is designed in such a way that learners control their own pronunciation independently with the help of practical hints given to them during exercises, in which they discover sounds which were previously unknown to them. This methodology takes as its theoretical background the concepts of “the Cognitive Approach” and “the Silent Way”. However, this paper does not attend to every detail in which the pronunciation of a Japanese learner differs from that of a German native speaker. It focuses on what sort of sounds or phonological features we should concentrate in the teaching material. From the standpoint of sociophonetics/-phonology, we conclude that those phonological features which are crucial to intelligibility in interaction (named “Kernmerkmale”) must be within the repertoire of every non-native speaker. This article reports the procedure and results of the experiment conducted to identify which errors at the phonological level seriously threaten intelligibility in interaction between a German native-speaker and a...
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