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The EU Education Policy in the Post-Lisbon Era

A Comprehensive Approach

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Caroline U. Amann

This book provides a comprehensive view of the current state of affairs and possible developments in EU education law and policy. It covers the innovations brought about by the Lisbon Treaty as well as the Lisbon/EU 2020 Strategy and its implications for education and training and analyses the EU programme Erasmus+. Moreover, it takes a close look at the right to education as contained in the Charter of Fundamental Human Rights of the European Union and outlines the main trends in European Court of Justice case law. Finally, it focuses on cohesion policy measures and assesses the education initiatives undertaken by macro-regional strategies and the European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) European Region Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino.
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3. The Lisbon Strategy: High Flying Ambitions for Education and Training

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Europe’s wealth lies in the knowledge and ability of its people; that is the key to growth, employment and social cohesion.172

In March 2000, the Lisbon European Council set itself a lofty goal: making the EU “the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion.”173 Referred to as the “second turning point” for EU education policy,174 the Lisbon Strategy, also known as Lisbon Agenda or Lisbon Process, put focus on education and training and introduced the open method of coordination (OMC). The OMC, the “engine” of the Lisbon Strategy,175 had in fact, despite being hailed a new governance tool, already been employed for the coordination of policies before. Developed with the above-mentioned EES, it had also been used within the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). It was only with the Lisbon Summit, however, that it was placed within a “broader strategy”, combining competitiveness and social cohesion.176 A policy-making instrument, it does neither lead to binding legislative measures nor does it require Member States to change their national law.177 It is a form of soft law, a “means of spreading best practice and achieving greater convergence towards the main EU goals […] designed to help Member States to progressively develop their own policies”. Creating a kind of template, the European Council described the OMC’s elements as ← 57 | 58 →

– fixing guidelines for the Union combined with specific timetables for...

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