Edited By Corina Daba-Buzoianu, Hasan Arslan and Mehmet Ali Icbay
The Use of the Images of MOBESE Cameras in Television news: A New Type or Source?
Surveillance, at the simplest level, works as ‘surveillance of someone by another one.’ Also, according to the broad and comprehensive definition of Clarke (1988), “surveillance is action of observing/monitoring of communication or actions of one person or more people in a systematic way.” The main purpose is gathering information about specific individuals and their environment. The secondary purpose is ensuring that people refrain from certain actions and to dissuade them. In order to understand surveillance completely, its relationship with social supervision shouldn’t be overlooked. In this regard, as symbolic materials that will be retained by an organisation or community, surveillance that is indicative of supervision of knowledge and activities of ones in lower positions by ones in upper positions is inseparably intertwined with rulership and power relations (Dolgun, 2008, p. 39).
Changes and transformations that surveillance underwent have been shaped through operation logic of rulership mechanisms and techniques used since the period when surveillance occurred. Surveillance activities were based on the fact that tribes, empires, and monarchies showed their powers on population ruled directly and they did this through intense violence and pressure in the first centuries (Dolgun, 2008, p. 37).
Systematic, rational, and relieved violence and pressure tools began to be used in surveillance with the emergence of the modern nations states (Dolgun, 2008, p. 37). The dominance of the capitalist mode of production and the birth of the modern nation state strengthened the central position of rulership and increased...