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Current Approaches in Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz, Günther Löschnigg, Hasan Arslan and Mehmet Ali Icbay

Current Approaches in Social Sciences is a collection of research papers on a wide range of social issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The book will appeal to educators, researchers, social students and teachers of all subjects and of all levels, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact, one way or another, with both students and teachers in a social context.
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Earth’s Struggle for Existence against Consumption Ghost



Nowadays, the only livable planet in our solar system is under the threat of a fatal ghost called consumption which was born soon after the Industrial Revolution. Even the strongest species on our planet, humankind, feel the devastating threat of the consumption ghost that rides the waves of our consumption based dominant popular culture. However, we have good news: There are a couple of people struggling against this new threat.

M. Ilin and E. Sagal’s book “How Man Became A Giant” begins the story of humans with the statement: “He was not the master of the world about him. He was its obedient slave” (Ilin & Sagal, 1945). Indeed, they are right: Until the Industrial Revolution, humankind was an obedient slave of nature and its existence had depended on nature’s mercy including wild animals. However, right after the Industrial Revolution, humankind got the over hand on Mother Nature and in the mid-20th century, humans had the power to destroy the world and its own kind.

The main factor that made humankind a giant was their ability to use and to develop the tools to survive. As it was portrayed in the first scene of Stanley Kubrick’s “Space Oddessey” movie, the hominids learnt to use stones and bones of animals and got the power to conquer all natural resources against the other hominid community. This fact has been the same during all eras of our world: The communities that have the ability...

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