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Contextual Approaches in Sociology

Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas

Contextual Approaches in Sociology is a collection of essays on a wide range of sociological issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The volume presents applications of grounded theory, social capital, education, social rituals and gender issues. It will appeal to a wide range of academic leadership, including educators, researchers, social students and teachers, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact with students and teachers in a sociological context.


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Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in Turkey: A Grounded Theory approach


Introduction Conventional medicine is currently the most dominant medicine method in use across the world. Notwithstanding, the utilisation of complementary and alterna- tive medicine (CAM) has increased ceaselessly for various reasons. Hence CAM has various effects and one of these is economic. Thus, this article focuses on the commercialisation of CAM. According to statistical data, the use of CAM in the United States of America (USA) increased from 33.8% in 1990 to 42.1% in 1997 (Eisenberg et al. 1998: 1569). According to Boutin et al. (2000), CAM is used not only by the public, but also by doctors (as cited by Mantle, 2004: 4). Because of this dramatic increase in CAM, the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NC- CAM) was established in 1998. NCCAM defines CAM as “a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not generally considered to be part of conventional medicine” and classifies CAM into five categories (NCCAM, 2012). Types of CAM: • Alternative medical systems such as homeopathy, naturopathy, traditional Chinese medicine, and ayurveda. • Mind-body medicine such as meditation, prayer, mental healing, art therapy, music therapy, and dance therapy. • Biology-based practices such as dietary supplements and herbal supplements. • Manipulative and body-based practices such as spinal manipulation (both chiropractic and osteopathic) and massage. • Energy therapies, which are of two types. The first one consists of biofield therapies. They can be exemplified by: qi gong, reiki, and therapeutic touch. The other type consists of bioelectromagnetic-based therapies which involve the unconventional use...

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