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Contextual Approaches in Sociology

Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas

Contextual Approaches in Sociology is a collection of essays on a wide range of sociological issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The volume presents applications of grounded theory, social capital, education, social rituals and gender issues. It will appeal to a wide range of academic leadership, including educators, researchers, social students and teachers, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact with students and teachers in a sociological context.

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Applications of Grounded Theory in Sociology: Some Methodological considerations

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Introduction There is a very rich and complex literature on grounded theory that began with the founders of this approach, Glaser and Strauss (1967), and that still attracts researchers. It would not be wrong to state that patience is needed to explore that literature. Indeed, there are both similarities and differences among the research- ers who use grounded theory as a methodological base. For example, Engward (2013) calls this methodology the “qualitative research approach,” Creswell (1998) calls it the “qualitative research tradition,” and Dunne (2011) calls it “research methodology.” Furthermore, Glaser (2007) criticises some of these authors, par- ticularly Strauss and Corbin (1990), for forcing collected data into certain coding processes to make them measurable. Glaser claims that this procedure violates the main idea of grounded theory. Collecting and analysing data simultaneously, making inductions from col- lected data, and exploring theory are the shared features of all researchers who are interested in grounded theory. There are two distinct applications of grounded theory. The first application is suggested by Glaser and Strauss (1967), and the sec- ond, more quantified application is suggested by Strauss and Corbin (1990). Ac- cording to Glaser (2007), although his contribution is open to improvement, the quantification process with strict coding might limit the application of grounded theory. Conversely, there are other applications of grounded theory, including “con- structionist,” “feminist” (Charmaz, 2006), “hermeneutics” (Rennie and Crosby, 2002), “phenomenological” (Richardson, 2001; Richardson and Kramer, 2006), and “postmodern” (Clark, 2005). Therefore, researchers should pay attention to these applications when...

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