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Contextual Approaches in Sociology

Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas

Contextual Approaches in Sociology is a collection of essays on a wide range of sociological issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The volume presents applications of grounded theory, social capital, education, social rituals and gender issues. It will appeal to a wide range of academic leadership, including educators, researchers, social students and teachers, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact with students and teachers in a sociological context.

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The Sociology of Sociology as a Reflective Analysis of the Changes in Sociological Doctoral Theses

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Introduction Sociology is “a discipline which examines social lives of humans, groups and socie- ties” (Giddens, 2000: 2), “an important social science which tries to understand and explain social world in its own genuine way” (Erkul & Esgin, 2013: 350) and “a scientific and humanistic discipline which sees society as an objective struc- ture created by human actions” (Swingewood 2010: 347). According to Bauman, sociology, which can be defined in various ways, is “primarily a way of thinking about human world” (2012: 17) and “ongoing series of activities which include testing human interactions against new interests, new experiences, adding new information to accumulated human knowledge and change of information in this process” (2012: 9). The discipline of sociology is about how we see, perceive, and explain this world, how we act inside it, and what form this social world takes. (Wallance & Wolf, 2012: 23). Therefore, in order to gain an understanding of existing knowledge in the social world and to enable them to lead to new information (as opposed to accepting them as “unchangeable knowledge”), a sociological way of thinking should be adopted (Birkök, 1998: 1). Scientific studies, being an area where the sociological way of thinking becomes visible, are very important in this regard. In this research, our essential points are sociology doctoral dis- sertations (PhD theses). Sociology, in spite of being a West originated science, has been studied ear- lier and in many countries around the world. For the term “society-science,” which is nowadays defined as sociology, it...

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