Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas
The Social and Spatial Impact of Resettlement: The Case of Yeşİlyurt District in Malatya
Introduction Dam projects are intended to promote basic human needs and are implemented to provide irrigation and power generation. However, most of these projects lead to the displacement of populations and job changes. So far, however, there has been little discussion about the social impact/effects of such large-scale development projects. It is therefore necessary to consider the negative social effects of dam construction. One of the most important effects is “expropriation,” referring to “the power of governments to appropriate private property for public use without the owner’s consent in return for a compensation payment. Constitutional provisions in most countries require the payment of compensation to the owner” (Eminent Domain, 2013). Furthermore, expropriation may lead to displacement of large numbers of people and job changes. It is necessary to reconsider resettlement plans to sustain development. Resettlement plans are important because they can protect displaced masses from the risk of poverty, provide social mobility, and improve living standards. With respect to this, it has been found necessary to research the attitudes of populations who have been displaced due to development projects. These people undergo a process of resettlement and are forced to adapt to the new living condi- tions. In general, social changes take place gradually in society. To research these sudden changes, studies may sometimes need to be carried out under clinical conditions. Sociological research on the social effects and spatial outcomes of dam expropriations would enable social scientists to observe structural changes that would otherwise remain unnoticed. Resettlement affects both...
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