Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas
High School Student’s Perceptions of Crime and Violence: Eskişehir Sample
2 Introduction Violence is a significant social problem that can be seen in every area of human life and is increasing across the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) de- fines violence as “the intentional use of physical force of power to threaten, or one’s using it against himself/herself, others, a group or community to injury, kill, give psychological harm and deprivation.” In a narrow sense, violence can be in the physical form, while in a broad definition, violence can be seen as psychological, verbal, cultural, emotional, sexual, and mental; violence is a multi-dimensional concept and thus can be categorised in different ways. According to the WHO’s report, violence can emerge in a physical, sexual, and psychological or deprivation form as something self-directed among people or in different social layers based on different reasons (Krug et al., 2002: 5–7). While violence is a universal concept with its damaging property, it cannot be thought of separately from the features of society that it is in terms of reasons and types of occurrence because violence is a concept that occurs or is observed in differentiating forms and origins in every social structure (Ayan, 2010: 11). Among the reasons for violence, alongside with biological, psychological, and sociological factors, according to the report of the WHO, violence is an outcome of individual, social, cultural, and environmental relations (Krug et al., 2002: 12). Üstün et al. (2007) state that the reasons that push people to violence include: lack of love in family, domestic...
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