Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas
A Sociological Analysis of Social Discrimination Against Widowed and Divorcee Women: Kahramanmaraş Case
Introduction Divorce dates back to the beginning of life on Earth and it continuously gained importance in Europe and around the world from the early 18th century until today due to a number of political, social, and economic reasons. It influences almost every part of society and emerges as a problem of modern life. It can also be observed that it influences all social institutions in Turkey since it is a develop- ing country and its society is rather conservative. Negative perception and social pressure against divorced and widowed wom- en are phenomena that can be observed not only in traditional societies. The Turkish Civil Code states that a judge shall annul a marriage if the reasons for divorce are justified. According to the Turkish Civil Code, reasons for divorce are divided into two groups; one includes general reasons and the other private reasons. The ambiguity of this division is caused by the fact that the Turkish Civil Code does not give clear, concrete, and precise reasons for the annulment of a marriage. General reasons for divorce are listed in the mentioned code. However, a judge is the sole authority to determine which reasons fall within the general reasons. General reasons for divorce are not specified in the Turk- ish Civil Code and it is left to the judge to identify specific conditions, reasons, and conclusions in a divorce case. This study focuses on the widow or divorced women’s perceptions about social pressure exerted on them. Accordingly, we start from...
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