Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas
Social Sciences as a Department Which Legitimises Globalisation
Meryem Küçük1 Social Sciences as a Department Which Legitimises Globalisation Introduction Globalisation, capitalism, and social sciences work together. Social sciences can- not be considered apart from globalisation. The rise of the social sciences is part of the historical evolution of globalisation and social sciences provide an intellectual foundation for globalisation. Social sciences have undergone a radical change in epistemology and methodology. Yet, the content and subject matter in social sci- ences involve a peculiar discourse on globalisation. The conceptual and institutional framework of social sciences was created in the 19th century with the aim of observing and explaining changing societies. As Wallerstein states: “Social science, as defined in the nineteenth century, was an empirical study of the social world to comprehend ‘normal change’ and influence it. Social science was not the work of social theorists in their intellectual isolation, but collective working of an invented community with peculiar purposes. This new institutionalization revealed a field for social investment, an unprecedented case in the production of social thought” (Wallerstein, 1999, p. 31). To explain social change and development, the social sciences used a positivist methodology and a modernist approach. In other words, the social sciences seek to have an influence on society and change it. The urge to change is an effect of the capitalist world economy which dominates the production of knowledge. Global capitalist powers intend to overcome present conditions and restructure the society. This study focuses on the relationship between globalisation and social sci- ences. First, it offers...
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