Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas
Barrier Free or Social Free
Introduction Nowadays, several studies based on the perceptions of disability investigate it through social models instead of being regarded as a medical subject. Brit- tain (2004) mentioned that social models have to be defined with realistic and planned implementations by active public policies and laws which could change the human behaviours within the community and therefore solve the majority of the problems related to disability. Herein, many discussions in the literature are based on approaches that discuss disability and social awareness together (Imrie, 1998). Social and physical structures can be defined as concepts that cannot be frag- mented and the integration of these two notions can offer holistic solutions for the potential problems. The relationship between disabled people and physical spaces can be explained by asking some questions like: “How do disabled people belong in society?,” “How are they perceived now?,” “How were they perceived in the past?,” “What affects the society’s perception of disabled people?,” and “Do the physical barriers affect society’s perception of disabled people?” There are several implementations for the incorporation of disabled people into society as educational, healthcare, and employment adjustments, and, most importantly, transportation systems enhancements. For disabled people, social aspects like housing problems, inadequate neighbourhood designs, sidewalks, parks and recreation facilities, walking lines, and coastlines are the most impor- tant issues when it comes to the physical environment. It is possible to say that insufficient space design can constraint individual movements (Oliver, 1986). These constraints can cause important social problems like isolation and exclusion...
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