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Contextual Approaches in Sociology

Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas

Contextual Approaches in Sociology is a collection of essays on a wide range of sociological issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The volume presents applications of grounded theory, social capital, education, social rituals and gender issues. It will appeal to a wide range of academic leadership, including educators, researchers, social students and teachers, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact with students and teachers in a sociological context.

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Understanding/Interpreting Social Structure Of Rural Settlements Using Participatory Techniques

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Introduction It is quite unlikely to be able to examine the social structure in settlements, espe- cially in rural settlements, using traditional research methods. Research under- taken only by asking questions or requesting information may irritate society and can only enable for the transmission of usual and superficial information. It may require the use of participatory techniques which will ensure the mutual exchange of information depending on the type, feature, or privacy of information needed or cause the presentation of such information with deep discussions. Daily routine, habits of those living in the settlement, as well as their expecta- tions, which they couldn’t express/be aware of in the first place, should be revealed. In such studies, the technique chosen to facilitate data acquisition is important. The correct and complete acquisition of information, as well as voluntary and sincere presentation of information by the subject, is necessary for the success of a study. Thus, during studies aimed at understanding the social structure of settle- ments, serious information and even implicit facts can be obtained by utilising the right techniques. Adequate analysis of a society strengthens the communication between researchers and subjects and ultimately increases the success of the study. Methods During studies to be conducted in a rural settlement, it is not easy for researchers from outside the respective area or those who do not live in that area to create a sense of mutual trust with the community and establish a social bond. Easier, ordinary techniques (i.e. surveys, etc.) can...

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