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Contextual Approaches in Sociology

Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas

Contextual Approaches in Sociology is a collection of essays on a wide range of sociological issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The volume presents applications of grounded theory, social capital, education, social rituals and gender issues. It will appeal to a wide range of academic leadership, including educators, researchers, social students and teachers, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact with students and teachers in a sociological context.

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Foreign Immigrants/Immigration and Refugee Issue in Turkey: If the Guests Become Neighbours?

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Abstract: In general terms, the process of international migration, immigration, and refu- gee, which has been accelerated over the last 30 years affecting Western European societies and other regions of the world, has become one of the most important determinants of social, political, and economic spaces both in terms of migration-receiving countries and migration-sending countries. It is possible to say that, in a way, societies faced this issue with positive or negative results. Eventually, the international migration, immigrant, and refugee issue, which is constantly on the agenda of societies identified as developed coun- tries, has become one of the issues that needs to be taken into consideration in Turkey as they have become an important corridor for international migration movements in recent years. Thus, it’s important to see how people evaluate the issue of immigration, foreign immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers nowadays. Considering these facts, this paper focuses on the ways in which people perceive the issue of immigration, foreign immigrants, and refugees around world and in particular in Turkey. 1. Introduction Numerous present-day events around the world increasingly involve international migration. Transnational migration emerged as one of the most important politi- cal and social issues at the end of the last century. Globalisation, which is one of the main factors that encouraged cross-border movements of people, challenges the functions and institutional structures of the nation state. In this context, im- migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers have become significant presences as they are represented as the “other” (Benhabib, 2004). According...

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