A View from the German-language Discussion
The author is arguing, that religious history is underestimated in its importance for World- and Global history. He sketches reasons in methods: history of religions quite often is an established sub-discipline with convincing traditions in research. Also he sketches substantive reasons: for reconstructing the past adequately, historians are in need of academically controlled data about the beliefs of the people they are dealing with. Ten examples are offered – from the history of the medieval Church and early modern Protestantism, Russian Old-Believers and the Orthodox Church of the Empire, from Islam as fundamentalist opposition to Russian expansion and Christian democracy as a conservative Catholic movement stabilizing democracy in Germany and Italy, from secularization as European “Sonderweg” and religious backgrounds of the renewed East-West confrontation, towards – last but not least – the new creed Orisha, which became global with its centre in Africa. The examples show, that developments in religion have far reaching consequences in general history – in the change from Empire to the system of European nations, in establishing social discipline as part of capitalist societies, in attempts of semi-peripheral states to get a place in the European World-System, in defence of Muslim societies on the peripheries and in postcolonial Africa.← 5 | 6 → ← 6 | 7 →
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