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Minderheiten im sozialistischen Jugoslawien

Brüderlichkeit und Eigenheit

Series:

Kateřina Králová, Jiří Kocian and Kamil Pikal

Dieses Buch bietet einen umfassenden Einblick in die Politik des jugoslawischen Staates gegenüber seinen 15 wichtigsten, offiziell anerkannten, ethnischen Minderheiten. Das bunte ethnische Mosaik, welches Jugoslawien im 20. Jahrhundert gekennzeichnet hat, weckte seit jeher das Interesse der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaft. Mit ihm ging stets die Frage einher, ob und wie ein Staat mit derartigen Voraussetzungen funktionierend und effektiv gestaltet werden könne. Die Autorinnen und Autoren werfen in ihren Fallstudien dabei eine Reihe von Themenfeldern auf, welche die Relevanz der behandelten Minderheitensituation nicht nur für das Verständnis der Geschichte des sozialistischen Jugoslawien, sondern auch von multiethnischen Staaten insgesamt verdeutlichen.
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The volume you hold in your hands offers a broad and comprehensive analysis of the history and development of national minorities in Yugoslavia. As the title Brüderlichkeit und Eigenheit: Minderheiten im sozialistischen Jugoslawien (Brotherhood and Unity: Minorities in Socialist Yugoslavia) suggests, its focus is on Tito’s policies and the way they were implemented in everyday life. The subject is treated in a broad context of the historical background, structure, and community life of fifteen of the most important ethnic minority groups, while taking into account the practices of the socialist Yugoslav state and its internal and external policies. Aware of the fact that nationalist tensions tore apart the interwar Yugoslav kingdom, Tito’s leadership tried to restore balance and equality among local ethnic groups under the all embracing umbrella of socialist ideology. The book follows the results of these efforts during the entire period of the existence of socialist Yugoslavia, from the end of Second World War until the breakup of Yugoslavia. Complicated ethno-linguistic and religious structure of the regional ethnic groups has been of crucial importance not only for the successor states but also their neighbors and historical homelands of these minorities in other parts of Europe.

While pursuing his goals, Tito and his administration created a socialist federation based on the Soviet model, granting local ethnic groups the status of either constitutional nations or national minorities. The ‘state-building nations’ (i.e., the Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Macedonians, Montenegrins, and Muslims by nationality) were given the opportunity...

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