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The Practice of Knowing and Knowing in Practices

Bengt Molander

This book is a philosophical analysis of knowledge in practices, focused on knowing how, tacit knowledge and expert knowledge. Knowing in action is the key concept. It covers understanding, well-functioning routines as well as successful learning processes. It is argued that knowledge-in-action is more basic than propositional or theoretical knowledge. Key notions are knowing as a kind of attentiveness or a way of being in the world, knowing as continued learning, and knowledge as what leads people in the best way. The book is a contribution to the contemporary philosophical discussions about knowing how, tacit knowledge and expert knowledge. At the same time, it is written as an interdisciplinary and case-based introduction to the epistemology of knowing and learning.
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Chapter 4: Dialogue—Conversation and Action



It is in the encounter between two individuals that conversation and human relations become possible. An important aspect of dialogue is being together, with or without words. One of the levels of meaning of “communicating” relates to establishing and maintaining mutual understanding, and thus a sense of community. Dialogue, in this sense, is an essential part of human existence. However, dialogue is always in motion and always at risk. Community can falter. The monologue is lying in ambush.

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