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The Practice of Knowing and Knowing in Practices

Bengt Molander

This book is a philosophical analysis of knowledge in practices, focused on knowing how, tacit knowledge and expert knowledge. Knowing in action is the key concept. It covers understanding, well-functioning routines as well as successful learning processes. It is argued that knowledge-in-action is more basic than propositional or theoretical knowledge. Key notions are knowing as a kind of attentiveness or a way of being in the world, knowing as continued learning, and knowledge as what leads people in the best way. The book is a contribution to the contemporary philosophical discussions about knowing how, tacit knowledge and expert knowledge. At the same time, it is written as an interdisciplinary and case-based introduction to the epistemology of knowing and learning.
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Chapter 8: To Be Continued—in Action: the Power and Openness of the Example



A vital element in training—and learning as an ongoing process—is imitating someone, practising something according to an example (pattern, model). The way in which Greenhouse learns to act like, to do as, Casals serves as an example. In order to go on to become a master oneself—Greenhouse was, of course, not a beginner—one has to learn from, and perhaps study with, several masters; the obvious model here being the travelling journeyman. Examples, exemplary behaviour, performances and (re)presentations of ← 211 | 212 → various kinds—are important both for beginners and those who are already proficient.

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