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International Practices of Smart Development


Edited By Robertas Jucevicius, Jurgita Bruneckiene and Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg

Smart people make a smart city. This volume presents a collection of papers on the concept of smartness, smart development and the international practices in the field. There are five key topic areas: the conceptual, smart economy, smart specialisation, smart city and public governance. The concept of a smart social system is grounded on comparative analysis of competing concepts such as intelligence, knowledge driven, digital, learning, networked, innovative, agile and sustainable.
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Thomas A. Bryer & Pamela Medina - Smart Virtual City: Applying Smart Design to a City’s Online Structure and Identity


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Thomas A. Bryer

School of Public Administration, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, UNITED STATES

Pamela Medina

School of Public Affairs, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado, UNITED STATES

Smart Virtual City: Applying Smart Design to a City’s Online Structure and Identity


American composer John Cage famously created a music performance entitled 4’33” (four minutes, thirty-three seconds). He sits at the piano, presumably after a grand entrance, makes motions like he is about to play, and then proceeds to sit silently. For four minutes and thirty-three seconds, he remains silent. In this period of time, the “music” comes from the audience in the form of coughs, sneezes, crinkling of candy wrappers, barely audible whispers, and so on. These miscellaneous sounds become music when they create some kind of whole, waving sound. Though the sounds might not always align or seem logical, they move and flow together.

This is the challenge for cities in creating smart virtual cities. The city creates the space, establishes the context and environment (the look and feel)—much like John Cage. Eventually, citizens must make their own music and exercise their own creativity. A city can establish a social media and other online presence, but if there is silence in the space, capacity does not make much difference. Performing 4’33” in an empty concert hall produces no music, despite the fact of a concert hall with seats, lights,...

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