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International Practices of Smart Development

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Edited By Robertas Jucevicius, Jurgita Bruneckiene and Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg

Smart people make a smart city. This volume presents a collection of papers on the concept of smartness, smart development and the international practices in the field. There are five key topic areas: the conceptual, smart economy, smart specialisation, smart city and public governance. The concept of a smart social system is grounded on comparative analysis of competing concepts such as intelligence, knowledge driven, digital, learning, networked, innovative, agile and sustainable.
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Robertas Jucevicius, Jurgita Bruneckiene & Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg - Introduction

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Introduction

The term smart development has been transferred from technological to social sciences several years ago. Researchers were analysing the fragmented aspects of the problem, however, systemic research in the field is hard to find. A theoretically sound concept of smart development is yet to be created.

In social sciences, the substance of smart is quite different and more complex, compared to technological sciences. This is due to the nature of social systems, because it is widely acknowledged that biological and social systems are among the most complex ones. This is why the scientific analysis of smartness in social systems and the substance of smart development of social systems is an important and challenging scientific endeavour per se. Another aspect of the theoretical problem is the positioning of the smartness category in social sciences among other related categories, such as knowledge, knowing, innovativeness, and intelligence. The idea of smart specialisation, which has been proposed by a group of researchers back in 2008 has been spreading fast in practice and has successfully become a platform for economic and social development. However, we still see a lack of a more detailed scientific interpretation and conceptualisation of this phenomenon. Without having a clear understanding of what those categories really mean and what criteria should be used in assessing the smartness in strategic documents, many mistakes are likely to be made in costs.

The aim of the monograph is to discuss different approaches related to...

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