The Construct of Creativity – Lost in Meanings?
Creativity is nowadays discussed too much, and this has caused the term to become quite vague. Due to its overuse in all possible contexts, creativity is losing its meaning. In this article, I attempt to discuss the problems and the confusion related to defining creativity as a phenomenon. The key questions in the article, based on my theoretical analysis are the following: 1) Is creativity primarily related to the process of the activity or its outcome? 2) To what extent is creativity related to individuality and to sociability? 3) Where is the boundary between (everyday) creativity with a small “c” and creativity with a big “C”? 4) Is creativity primarily a domain-specific or domain-general phenomenon? The discussion about creativity as a scientific problem is mainly based on the following authors: Joy Paul Guilford, Robert J. Sternberg, James Kaufman, Gregory J. Feist, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Keith Sawyer, Dean Keith Simonton, Mark A. Runco and Garret J. Jaeger.
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