(Freedom and Dreams)
6. The relationship of nature and culture in Slovak literary modernism (Comparison of the nature-culture relationship in the work of J. C. Hronský and D. Tatarka)
The relationship of nature and culture in Slovak literary modernism
(Comparison of the nature-culture relationship in the work of J.C. Hronský and D. Tatarka)
When Marcel Duchamp declared a urinal was an artistic object, his statement operated on two levels: it referred to the sovereignty of the artistic subject, its strength and weight, as well as to the possibilities of applied art to make everyday objects artistic in nature. Modernism deals with both of these: the sovereignty of the artist, his independence and the emphasis on the person; and generally the creativity of everyone, even the non-artist, as art touches on the quotidian of life. Of course this disrupts traditional criteria of artistic criticism. At the same time, art has become more democratic and given people the opportunity to create their own individual artistic style.
The “dissolution of norms” of heroic modernism as the modern age develops recalls the dissolution of the strict Classical canon at the start of the Romantic era; hence the Modernist is seen as a neo-Romantic movement. It connects ‘high’ art with ‘low’, with everyday life and applied art. The idea of mass reproduction of art as formulated in Passagenwerk (The Arcades Project)by Walter Benjamin and subsequently by A. Warhol came later.
Artistic modernism has two levels of ‘lowering’ itself and coming closer to real life: from the transcendental to the person and from the person to multiplication of his/her products. The second is...
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