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Discours, texte et langue

La fabrique des formes et du sens

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Edited By Thierry Gallèpe

Fabriquer de nouvelles formes en discours pour que l’interprétant fabrique un sens plus riche au décodage : tel est l’enjeu continu de la tension entre contrainte systémique et sens visé, conditionnant ainsi le formatage et la présentation des discours. C’est cette tension qui constitue l’objet des études fondées sur des corpus allemands et français, qui sont rassemblées dans ce volume. La production du sens fait feu de tout bois et n’hésite donc pas à susciter l’invention, la distorsion formelle à son service, à tous les niveaux de l’analyse linguistique : présentation des discours, formatage du discours de la critique littéraire, répétition des formes en discours, linéarisation de la phrase allemande, mots-composés en allemand et formes des temps verbaux surcomposés.
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Les pressions du sens sur la présentation du discours : distorsions et invention

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Abstract

Pressures “to say it”, in which the utterance of a speech originates, are brought to bear on the speaker before (and during) the utterance of his/her messages, leaving traces of this “will to meaning” in the very form of the messages. This paper deals with those marks, and more precisely on the way they bring to light the process whereby those pressures shape the utterances to effect a speech production which is as close as possible as the preverbal project. My field of observation will be “meaning oriented to the right”; it is therefore part of the interpretive domain. The analysis will bear on written speech, in advertisements, the press, literary and other texts belonging to the French, English, and German linguistic areas. In this perspective, taking into account the utterances’ intrinsic and extrinsic presentation patterns makes it possible to describe phenomena of linguistic invention and distortion of messages, which, more often than is usually acknowledged, are made use of to lend more weight to meaning while enhancing the pleasure of interpretation.

1.  Introduction

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