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Reflexivität im tschechisch-deutschen Sprachvergleich

Möglichkeiten und Grenzen einer Prognose


Roland Wagner

Das Buch stellt einen Versuch dar, die Reflexivität von deutschen Verben ausgehend von den Übersetzungsäquivalenten im Tschechischen zu prognostizieren. Aufgrund der Äquivalenzbeziehung zwischen nicht-reflexiven Verben im Tschechischen und Deutschen und verschiedenen grammatischen Parametern erstellt der Autor Prognosen zur Reflexivität der deutschen Äquivalente zu den reflexiven tschechischen Verben. Dies geschieht ohne Rückgriff auf lexikographische Information. Dabei kristallisieren sich sowohl sprachübergreifend übereinstimmende sowie problematische Bereiche der Reflexivität heraus. Gewissermaßen nebenbei prüft der Autor verschiedene linguistische Theorien auf ihre prognostische Kraft hinsichtlich der Reflexivität.
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Reflexivity in Czech and German. Possibilities and limitations of cross-linguistic prognoses.

The work presented in this book is an attempt to formulate linguistic prognoses on the formal properties of translational equivalents in two different languages. More specifically, it explores the possibility to predict (without having access to lexical information on German reflexive verb entries) whether a German translational equivalent of a reflexive verb in Czech will be reflexively marked or not. The text takes the perspective of a Czech learner of German as a foreign language who observes the behaviour of verbs in his or her native language in non-reflexive and reflexive contexts, is able to establish an equivalence relation between a non-reflexive verb in Czech and a non-reflexive verb in German and has perfect knowledge of the grammatical rules of German. S/he lacks, however, detailed lexical knowledge on the actual translational equivalents of Czech reflexive verbs as they are given in bilingual dictionaries and therefore has to infer the necessary information from her/his grammatical knowledge.

The scenario set out in the preceding paragraph serves as a methodological fiction which facilitates the inquiry into the linguistic regularities of reflexive marking. The main aim of the book is to verify the claims put forward in different linguistic frameworks on the nature of reflexivity and reflexivization and to identify the relevant factors which could provide the basis for at least probabilistic predictions on the appearance of a reflexive marker in German in contexts defined in terms...

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