6. The Person and the Constitutive Dynamics of Interpersonal Relationships
the person – interpersonality – dynamic orientation – love – values
The term person was defined by E. Coreth as an “individual being of spiritual, thus conscious and free being experienced as myself” (Coreth, 1994, p. 153), specifically constituted through spiritual cognition, volition and action. The essence of a person is constituted by personal relations; thus, “to be a person means to be existentially oriented to the personal being of another” (Coreth, p. 155). M. Buber qualified a person simply as an accomplishment of a personal relationship You – I11 (Buber, 1997); J. Sokol just mentions that a “person is established and maintained where there are personal relationships” (Sokol, 2002, p. 15). On the same basis of a substance-relational model of a person, S. Gálik formulates this integral definition: A human person is an “individual ‘I’ ← 75 | 76 → accomplished in conscious self-possessing and free self-disposing within relations with other persons” (Gálik, 2008, p. 124).
Perhaps the most important phenomenologist of the person, M. Scheler, defined the person as the centre of spiritual acts (Scheler, 1968, p. 66), while “spirit” is manifested as these acts and through them (spiritual love, cognition, compassion, etc.). “Person exists in and through spiritual acts” (Scheler, 1968, p. 74). M. Benköová notes that a person is, according to Scheler, inevitably “characterised as unaccomplished” as it is a “dynamic becoming, constant self-realisation” (Benköová, 2015, p. 61). Also in Scheler’s opinion, the constitution of a person has always been taking place already within...
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