Interpretations and Perspectives of the Great Conflict
Edited By Jarosław Suchoples and Stephanie James
Aleksei I. Miller - World War I and Identity Construction in Eastern Europe. The Competition between All-Russian and Ukrainian Nationalisms
| 335 →
Aleksei I. Miller
Department of History Central European University in Budapest, Hungary Department of History European University at Sankt Petersburg, Russia
World War I and Identity Construction in Eastern Europe. The Competition between All-Russian and Ukrainian Nationalisms1
Abstract: The article examines the impact of World War I on the competition between Russian and Ukrainian nationalisms in the Western Borderlands of the Russian Empire. Part 1 shows that Russian nationalism was on the offensive in the region before World War I. Part 2 names the following factors as important for changing the balance of power in the region: 1) Russia’s retreat in 1915, 2) the massive displacement of the population, particularly those loyal to empire urban elites, 3) separate camps for Ukrainian prisoners of war, organized by German and Austrian administrations, 4) occupational policy of Germans and Austrians in the Western borderlands which undermined Russian and favoured non-Russian identity projects; 5) Ukrainization of the military units of the Russian army in 1917 following orders from the Provisional Government. World War I is shown as a complex event, one which both transformed the region, but also launched the identification processes, which were later supported by the korenizatsia policy of the Soviets.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.