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Self-Harm in Adolescence

Iva Buresová

The author discusses the subject of self-harm in adolescence, considering the historical context of the development of its classification system. She presents an overview of theoretical fundamentals as well as models of behavior derived from them. Within the context of current research studies, she describes its prevalence, etiology, and comorbidity. The author specifies the basic protective and risk factors as well as all important influences. She presents the diagnostic tools currently used in research and clinical practice including the description of key approaches to prevention, therapy and treatment. This book includes the results of a unique research study mapping the lexical trace of the term self-harm in adolescents and the differences in perception of this term among those without own practice, with mediation and with personal, often repeated experience.
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4 Lexical Trace of the Term Self-Harm in Adolescents


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4   Lexical Trace of the Term Self-Harm in Adolescents

This chapter contributes to the explanation of how self-harm is perceived by adolescents themselves, since it presents sub-conclusions of an extensive project called Verifying Psychometric Qualities of Diagnostic Tools for Screening of Occurrence and Forms of Self-Harm in Adolescence. This research was carried out in the Czech Republic in the years 2011 and 2012 and its key results have already been presented at several places in this publication (Burešová, Klimusová, 2014; Burešová, Bartošová & Čerňák, 2015; Burešová, Vrbová & Čerňák, 2015; Hrubá, Burešová & Čerňák, 2015; etc.).

As a part of the above-mentioned project an exploration research substudy was carried out, focused on mapping the perception of self-harm in adolescents from non-clinical population. Its key research aim was to trace possible differences in the way self-harm is perceived by adolescent individuals in relation to their experience with self-harm and gender. We find the analysis of the lexical trace of this term crucial, since this area still remains completely unexplored, allowing for an insight into the understanding of the phenomena through an adolescent’s eyes.

The research sample consisted of 3164 respondents (48% boys, 52% girls) between 12 and 16 years of age (m = 13.98). Considering the above-mentioned aim, we have chosen a combination of quantitative and qualitative design, carried out primarily through linguistic text analysis of the answers of respondents freely answering the question...

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