Deutschland, Österreich, Osteuropa, England, Belgien und Frankreich
Verschwundener Staat. Zur Erfahrung des Ersten Weltkriegs in der polnischen Literatur 1914–1919
In the case of Polish literature written from 1914 to 1919, literary texts are seen as media of collective memory, which are combined with specific meaningful strategies. Polish authors such as Roman Hernicz, Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski, Zofia Nałkowska, Edward Słoński, Andrzej Strug, Kazimierz Tetmajer or Stefan Żeromski, who discussed in their literary works explicitly or implicitly the theme of the First World War, represent both a realistic and critical perspective on the events and processes of the Great War, as well as a proleptic, irredentist, patriotic and pathetic points of view. The First World War is the catalyst for the strengthening of an excessively religious community experience and national sentiment. The split and torn nation turns to an agitated community of struggle, guided by national feeling in fighting for sovereignty. It must bear certain political configurations and war realities but does not lose sight of its real goals and integrates a national and heroic festivity into its self-image. During the Great War the Poles are constantly in motion and struggle for their own state. They become very enthusiastic about their own interests and profess patriotism, courage, faithfulness, body cult of military training and sacrificial cult of soldierly courage. The strengthening of national community feelings leads the people to get closer together. The national mobilization has another dimension than in the West, but also acts as an identity factor. Patriotic and military efforts, blind activism and longing for death rise in the population, as well. They should...
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