Power and Beyond
4. Empirical Analysis
In this chapter, the data, focussing on Eurosceptic argumentation strategies is assessed. Moreover I investigate 1) Nomination and Predication of EU and Europe, 2) Eurosceptic Perspectivation, and 3) Intensification and Mitigation of Euroscepticism. Referential (or nomination) strategies are strategies by means of which speakers classify social actors (see van Leeuwen 1996). In predicational strategies, speakers assign to social actors positive or negative attributes. In Khan’s (2012) terms, “…in argumentation strategies, predications function as topoi to justify discrimination and/or exclusion. In perspectivation strategies, speakers express their own point of view by appraising the propositions they are communicating.” In intensification or mitigation strategies, speakers strengthen or weaken the epistemic status of particular propositions (Reisigl and Wodak 2001). The central question that I try to answer in this chapter is how is Euroscepticism is constructed as a discursive formation by civil society leaders.
4.1 Referential, Nomination and Predication Strategies
In this section, I highlight how social actors are linguistically constructed by being named and how civil society elites refer to Europe and EU linguistically. The textual data examined in this study shows that the core referential/nomination strategy is the construction of a dual approach towards Europe. In the following analysis, I examine the referent/nominational strategies that lie at the core of the discursive construction of civil-society-based Eurosepticism, before proceeding to the predication strategies, namely into an analysis how certain values are attributed to these concepts. The referent/nominational strategies that lie at the heart of the discursive construction...
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