Javier Velaza - The protohistory of the text of Martial
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The protohistory of the text of Martial
In a book on the protohistory of the text, Martial deserves a special attention at least for three reasons: first of all, because only few classical authors mention in their text explicitly and repeatedly the range of ways to publish and spread their works during their lifetime; in the second place, because the manuscripts containing his epigrams have been classified in three groups, not only for stemmatic reasons or based on a comparative analysis of their variants as usual, but due to structural criteria; and finally, because considering precisely the two preceding reasons, Martial’s text has been explored by renowned philologists such as Lehmann or Lindsay who were after one of the most prickly and controversial phenomena of the textual tradition: the variants of the author himself. My goal will be reviewing the status of the issue and analyze the real elements we have to describe the history and the protohistory of the epigrammatist’s text.
1. The codices
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