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The Silent Majority in Communist and Post-Communist States

Opinion Polling in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe

Klaus Bachmann and Jens Gieseke

This book takes stock of opinion polls in communist and post-communist states, presents specific case studies and answers the question how opinion polls under conditions of censorship and lack of media pluralism differ from those in liberal democratic societies. These polls were mostly used by the ruling establishment to observe shifts in popular opinion and to anticipate protests. They were hardly presented publicly to inform citizens about the prevailing views in their society. Today, these polls often display stories about everyday life, opinion shifts and the legitimacy of state institutions which cannot be derived from other sources.
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Public Opinion Research in Serbia in the Non-pluralist Period


Introduction: The beginnings of public opinion polls in Serbia

During the 1950s, the political conditions and other circumstances were favorable for the foundation of institutions that would conduct empirical social science research in the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which featured Serbia as one of the six federal states.1

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