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The Globalisation Challenge for European Higher Education

Convergence and Diversity, Centres and Peripheries


The last decade has marked European higher education with particular dynamics. Today, after a decade of «connected» policy, national systems look much more convergent but new questions and dilemmas are emerging: about the nature and quality of higher education, about the real impact of recent reforms in different countries, and about higher education's future. The book examines the impact of Europe-wide and global developments on national higher education systems. The authors try in particular to place upfront issues of convergence and diversity, of equity and of the relationship between centres and peripheries in higher education. The book is an outcome of research collaboration between six institutes which developed a EuroHESC research proposal on the consequences of expanded and differentiated higher education systems.
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The Event of International Mobility in the Course of Study – The European Policy Objective


Ulrich Teichler


The strong political efforts to enhance – the predominantly short-term – student mobility within Europe have for a long time not even triggered any efforts to measure the magnitude of mobility. Until recently, international statistics have only provided information on foreign students and study abroad, and the intention was even to exclude temporary mobility. On the basis of incomplete information, it is possible to estimate that three-quarters of foreign students are not mobile, but have instead lived and learned in the country of study already prior to study. About one-tenth of mobile students have lived and learned somewhere else and study in the country of their citizenship. The weakness of statistics has partly been due to the vague policy criteria. In the meantime, it is clear that the experience of having studied in another country during the course of one’s study is the major European policy objective. Accordingly, one can estimate that more than 10 percent of recent graduates have been mobile during the course of their study, more than twice as many by means other than those by ERASMUS, and several times as many through short-term mobility than through studying a whole study programme abroad. Information on the impact of the outwards mobility of European students is more solid. Notably, evaluation studies show that former ERASMUS students are only slightly superior in general and specific academic competencies and in their general career, but clearly better prepared for visibly international tasks and for...

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