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Kirchlicher Wiederaufbau in Österreich

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Edited By Hans Paarhammer and Alfred Rinnerthaler

Der Wiederaufbau von in der NS-Zeit zerschlagenen Strukturen innerhalb der katholischen Kirche steht im Zentrum dieses Buches. Die Darstellung erfolgt sowohl auf gesamtösterreichischer Ebene als auch auf der Ebene einzelner Diözesen. Die Autoren berücksichtigen ebenso die Reorganisation des kirchlichen Lebens in anderen christlichen Kirchen und decken zeitlich die ersten Nachkriegsjahrzehnte in Österreich, also die Gründungsphase der Zweiten Republik, ab. Zahlreiche prominente Theologen, Juristen und Historiker haben an diesem Sammelband mitgewirkt und schildern ihre Sicht der Dinge, die den weiteren Weg der Kirchen in der österreichischen Gesellschaft geprägt haben.
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Vom „Gottesgericht“ zur „Austrifizierung“: Die Evangelische Kirche A. u. H.B. in Österreich, ihr Selbstverständnis und ihr religionsrechtlicher Status nach 1945

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Abstract

The contribution deals with the Protestant Church in Austria in the period after World War II. The Austrian church had to split from German Protestant church, to which she belonged since 1939 as Particular Church. She had to detach from german-national attitudes and to prove to be church in Austria and for Austria. In this case she was observed by Austrian government with mistrust, because she was regarded as German Church. Bishop May introduced a process of Austrification. According to valid controlling rights of the state the juridical process became difficult. The church was dependent on goodwill of the Republic, therefore she looked for a new juridical basis. But this did not happen, because the process was junctimated with the so called Konkordat-problem, whether it was valid or not. Although the church protested against this junctimation, the ministry for cultural affairs practiced it – until 1954, when Heinrich Drimmel made his program „free church in a free country“ come true.

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