Show Less
Restricted access

A Critical Search for Values in George W. Bush’s State of the Union Addresses


Agnieszka Sowińska

This book focuses on values and valuation in the State of the Union addresses delivered by the former U.S. President George W. Bush. What values are invoked in the speeches? How are these values constructed? How can they be classified? How are particular construals of values conducive to the actions the speaker wants to legitimize? Drawing on Critical Discourse Studies, the book examines pragmalinguistic tools applied in political legitimization, such as proximization, metaphor or assertion. The analysis reveals three ideological values used in the context of foreign policy making: security, terrorism and freedom.
Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Chapter Two: Value and evaluation in Critical Discourse Studies


In Chapter Two we consider questions related to the perspective of study. Before we proceed to a more detailed discussion of CDS and the understanding of value in CDS, we first make an attempt at defining the concept of value and the theory of value, that is axiology and its scope. Next, we introduce selected typologies of value. Finally, having outlined the study of value in the linguistic tradition, including Polish approaches to value, we move on to see how value is tackled in major “schools” of CDS. We argue that although evaluation is fundamental to CDS, the concept of value is often taken for granted by critical discourse practitioners.

1. Value as an object of axiological study

The human mind has for a long time been preoccupied with the nature of good and evil. Undoubtedly, all our actions and interactions with the world and with other people are laden with values. Already in the ancient Greco-Latin approaches to argumentation and works on ethics attempts were undertaken to understand good and evil (Alba-Juez and Thompson 2014: 4). Value-related phenomena have been extensively discussed not only in the context of ethics or aesthetics, but also in economics or the theory of law. Originally, the concept of value meant the worth of something in the economic sense of the exchange value. However, axiology (from the Greek αξια “value” or “worth”) as a discipline of philosophy, focused on investigating value and value-related phenomena in a methodologically rigorous way,...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.