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Categorization in Discourse and Grammar

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Edited By Małgorzata Fabiszak, Karolina Krawczak and Katarzyna Rokoszewska

This collection of papers addresses new trends in Cognitive Linguistics. Three parts of the book focus on Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Integration Network Analysis. Both the theoretical contributions and the empirical case studies stress the importance of contextual factors in the meaning making processes. They employ qualitative methods to analyze the use of metaphor in political discourse and in the conceptualization of emotions. The data sets include multimodal data, sign languages and co-speech gestures. The fourth part of the book contains two corpus-based studies. The fifth part concentrates on the grammatical categories of passive voice and aspect. One contribution discusses the problem of categorization in phonology.
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Degrees of Metaphoricity: A Dynamic View on Fear Metaphors

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Adopting Müller’s dynamic view of metaphor and the concept of sleeping and waking metaphors (Müller 2008), this paper performs a study of fear metaphors in discourse. It aims at analyzing metaphoricity as a gradable property, which may or may not be activated in specific contexts of language use. The research material consists of mono- and multimodal manifestations of the conceptual metaphor FEAR IS A HOSTILE ENTITY, where the entity takes the form of a wild animal, monster or enemy, and a few realizations of the CONTAINMENT schema. The notion of multimodality is defined within Forceville’s theory of multimodal metaphor (2006, 2009, 2012). The analytical part of the paper concentrates on the discussion of ‘metaphoricity indicators’ (Müller 2008) which surround a given metaphor and determine its level of metaphoric activation in particular discourse contexts.

1.  Introduction

This chapter is a contribution to the study of metaphor from the usage-based perspective. The aim is to analyse the metaphoricity of linguistic and nonlinguistic realizations of the conceptual metaphor of fear, within the dynamic theory of metaphor proposed by Müller (2008). The analysis is conducted in accordance with the tenets of the conceptual metaphor theory, CMT, in which “metaphor is primarily a matter of thought and action and only derivatively a matter of language” (Lakoff & Johnson 1980: 153).

The focus of this chapter remains on the dynamic activation of metaphoricity in several types of discourse, where fear metaphors are realized in...

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