Edited By Małgorzata Fabiszak, Karolina Krawczak and Katarzyna Rokoszewska
Degrees of Metaphoricity: A Dynamic View on Fear Metaphors
Adopting Müller’s dynamic view of metaphor and the concept of sleeping and waking metaphors (Müller 2008), this paper performs a study of fear metaphors in discourse. It aims at analyzing metaphoricity as a gradable property, which may or may not be activated in specific contexts of language use. The research material consists of mono- and multimodal manifestations of the conceptual metaphor FEAR IS A HOSTILE ENTITY, where the entity takes the form of a wild animal, monster or enemy, and a few realizations of the CONTAINMENT schema. The notion of multimodality is defined within Forceville’s theory of multimodal metaphor (2006, 2009, 2012). The analytical part of the paper concentrates on the discussion of ‘metaphoricity indicators’ (Müller 2008) which surround a given metaphor and determine its level of metaphoric activation in particular discourse contexts.
This chapter is a contribution to the study of metaphor from the usage-based perspective. The aim is to analyse the metaphoricity of linguistic and nonlinguistic realizations of the conceptual metaphor of fear, within the dynamic theory of metaphor proposed by Müller (2008). The analysis is conducted in accordance with the tenets of the conceptual metaphor theory, CMT, in which “metaphor is primarily a matter of thought and action and only derivatively a matter of language” (Lakoff & Johnson 1980: 153).
The focus of this chapter remains on the dynamic activation of metaphoricity in several types of discourse, where fear metaphors are realized in...
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