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Categorization in Discourse and Grammar

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Edited By Małgorzata Fabiszak, Karolina Krawczak and Katarzyna Rokoszewska

This collection of papers addresses new trends in Cognitive Linguistics. Three parts of the book focus on Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Integration Network Analysis. Both the theoretical contributions and the empirical case studies stress the importance of contextual factors in the meaning making processes. They employ qualitative methods to analyze the use of metaphor in political discourse and in the conceptualization of emotions. The data sets include multimodal data, sign languages and co-speech gestures. The fourth part of the book contains two corpus-based studies. The fifth part concentrates on the grammatical categories of passive voice and aspect. One contribution discusses the problem of categorization in phonology.
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On Some Peculiarities of the Semantics of Non-Prototypical Membersof Disease Category: A Corpus-Based Analysis

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Maria Libura, Lazarski University Agnieszka Libura, Wrocław University Paweł Bechler, Warsaw University

On Some Peculiarities of the Semantics of Non-Prototypical Members of DISEASE Category: A Corpus-Based Analysis1

This paper examines the semantics of selected elements of the category DISEASE, focusing on two aspects: disease prototypicality on the one hand, and discrepancies between the folk conceptualisation and expert theories of particular diseases, on the other. First, based on an analysis of the frequency of selected search terms (disease names) in NCP, we demonstrate that more prototypical diseases attract more attention and are more popular in discourse than non-prototypical diseases. Next, we argue that semantics of non-prototypical diseases, established on the basis of corpus-based collocation, is less elaborate than that of prototypical diseases. Furthermore, the semantics of those non-prototypical diseases whose folk conceptualisations differ significantly from the clinical presentation are internally inconsistent because of the conflict of these two competing construals.

1.  Introduction

This paper examines the semantics of selected elements of the category DISEASE, focusing on two aspects: 1) disease prototypicality; 2) discrepancies between the folk conceptualisation and expert theories (clinical pictures) of particular diseases. The issue of disease prototypicality constitutes an interesting theoretical problem at two levels. First, since the structure of the DISEASE category is radial, its peripheral members may have unstable status and may be partially gravitating towards other categories, such as WEAKNESS or OLD AGE (Wright 2007: 56). Second, the prototypes of particular diseases,...

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