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Categorization in Discourse and Grammar

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Edited By Małgorzata Fabiszak, Karolina Krawczak and Katarzyna Rokoszewska

This collection of papers addresses new trends in Cognitive Linguistics. Three parts of the book focus on Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Integration Network Analysis. Both the theoretical contributions and the empirical case studies stress the importance of contextual factors in the meaning making processes. They employ qualitative methods to analyze the use of metaphor in political discourse and in the conceptualization of emotions. The data sets include multimodal data, sign languages and co-speech gestures. The fourth part of the book contains two corpus-based studies. The fifth part concentrates on the grammatical categories of passive voice and aspect. One contribution discusses the problem of categorization in phonology.
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Frame, Metaphor and Metonymy in Onomasiological Lexicography

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This paper demonstrates lexicographic applications of the conceptual theory of metaphor and metonymy and frame semantics in onomasiological dictionary-making. The author uses newly coined terms framestructure, metaphostructure, and metostructure to refer to a frame-based macrostructure, a metaphor-based macrostructure, and a metonymy-based macrostructure, respectively. This paper makes a noteworthy contribution to the current trends in pedagogical lexicography that advocate a more transparent connection between literal and figurative meaning, and, at the same time, it attempts to add a number of practical solutions. A new approach to the classificatory structure, developed and refined in this paper, could be applied in onomasiological lexicography to the compilation of thematic reference works of various subject fields and branches of human activities.

1.  Introduction

Recent developments in the field of Cognitive Linguistics have led to an increased interest among researchers in the potential employment of the theoretical framework offered by cognitive semantics (CS) in pedagogical lexicography. Previous research has proposed the organization of senses and entries in the microstructure of an alphabetical dictionary according to cognitive principles (e.g., Geeraerts 1990, 2001; Swanepoel 1992; Van der Meer 1999; Wojciechowska 2012). Geeraerts (1990), one of the main proponents of cognitive lexicography, argued for a prototype-theoretical conception of semantic structure and a cognitive semantic conception of polysemy, demonstrating how semantic relations between senses can be presented in a semasiological dictionary entry, both by means of sense ordering and ways of defining. In addition to the examination of the arrangement of metonymic senses in...

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