Edited By Małgorzata Fabiszak, Karolina Krawczak and Katarzyna Rokoszewska
Frame, Metaphor and Metonymy in Onomasiological Lexicography
This paper demonstrates lexicographic applications of the conceptual theory of metaphor and metonymy and frame semantics in onomasiological dictionary-making. The author uses newly coined terms framestructure, metaphostructure, and metostructure to refer to a frame-based macrostructure, a metaphor-based macrostructure, and a metonymy-based macrostructure, respectively. This paper makes a noteworthy contribution to the current trends in pedagogical lexicography that advocate a more transparent connection between literal and figurative meaning, and, at the same time, it attempts to add a number of practical solutions. A new approach to the classificatory structure, developed and refined in this paper, could be applied in onomasiological lexicography to the compilation of thematic reference works of various subject fields and branches of human activities.
Recent developments in the field of Cognitive Linguistics have led to an increased interest among researchers in the potential employment of the theoretical framework offered by cognitive semantics (CS) in pedagogical lexicography. Previous research has proposed the organization of senses and entries in the microstructure of an alphabetical dictionary according to cognitive principles (e.g., Geeraerts 1990, 2001; Swanepoel 1992; Van der Meer 1999; Wojciechowska 2012). Geeraerts (1990), one of the main proponents of cognitive lexicography, argued for a prototype-theoretical conception of semantic structure and a cognitive semantic conception of polysemy, demonstrating how semantic relations between senses can be presented in a semasiological dictionary entry, both by means of sense ordering and ways of defining. In addition to the examination of the arrangement of metonymic senses in...
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